The examination consists of two parts: palpation by the specialist and ultrasound scanning. The latter means the observation of the armpit and the breast. The ultrasound image may show any potential tumors, cists, benign nodes or inflammations.
Women below the age of 35 are recommended to undergo ultrasound scanning, however, above the age of 35 or in dubious cases the examination should be combined with mammography. Inasmuch as possible, scanning is done during the first phase of the menstrual cycle.