Allergology is a medical specialty concerned with the treatment of allergic reactions. The most common forms of allergic diseases are skin diseases, food allergies and pulmonary diseases.
Allergy is the endemic disease of the 21st century: 25% of the population suffers from some kind of allergy in developed countries, and the estimated proportion of allergic people is even higher in Hungary.
Hypersensitivity can develop at any phase of life from birth to old age, and the number of registered cases grows exponentially because predisposition to the condition is hereditary.
There are multiple therapeutic directions, but the main objective is to find the cause first.
The aim of preventive therapy is to avoid the development of symptoms, while the target of symptomatic therapy is to reduce or eliminate existing complaints.
Causative therapy is the most complex method which requires the highest degree of experience and practice from the specialist. Specific immunotherapy (hyposensitization) tries to eliminate the triggering cause, and can be used in the treatment of respiratory allergies or insect bite allergies.
- Skin testing
- Pulmonary function tests
- Bronchial hyperreactivity test
- Endoscopic examination of the nasal cavity and the upper respiratory tract
- Blood testing (RAST)
- Chest X-ray
- Lung and facial cavity CT