It is the second most commonly requested laboratory examination after the blood test. During the examination, specific gravity, pH value and protein content are measured. Protein content can signal certain inflammations, urinary tract and kidney diseases and in men, inflammations of the reproductive organs.
Measuring the amount of sugar in the urine is crucial: the presence of acetone in the urine can indicate diabetes. Bilirubin values show the condition of the liver. The number of red and white blood cell is also examined. Viewing the urine sample with a microscope can reveal the presence of bacteria, crystals and mycosis.