The effect of some compulsory childhood vaccinations, such as vaccinations for diphtheria, tetanus, polio (childhood paralysis) and pertussis (whooping cough) are not guaranteed to last throughout adulthood. Thus, above the age of 21 a revaccination every ten years is recommended to keep up immunity.
It is advised fore every healthy adult and child above the age of 1 to get vaccinated before visiting epidemic risk areas or eating seafood. High risk areas are Central and South America, Mexico, Asia (with the exception of Japan), Africa, Eastern Europe and certain mediterranean countries in South Europe.
One vaccination right before the journey ensures appropriate protection.
Revaccination is recommended every 6-60 months after the first instance. This way, you become protected from Hepatitis A for 20 years. A sole vaccination provides safety for 5 years, and it can be received simultaneously with other ones.
The course of getting the vaccinations depends on the time remaining before the journey. If you only have a month or less before you leave three instances are recommended. After getting the first one, revaccinations are needed in 7 and 21 days. In this case, a fourth, booster dose is needed after 12 months. When you have received all four doses, you are protected for life.
However, if you have more than one month left before traveling, receiving two doses with a month in between them is enough. In this case you will need a booster dose 6 months after the second one to be thoroughly safe from Hepatitis B. 100% protection is attained one month after receiving the third dose. This vaccination can be given for newborns as well, and only two additional booster doses are needed between the ages of 11-15.
Combined Vaccination for Hepatitis A and B
Dosage is the same as that of Hepatitis B. 100% immunity for Hepatitis B is attained one month after the third vaccination, but you are protected from Hepatitis A right after the reception of the second one. This combined vaccination can be given for people above the age of 1.
Yellow Fever Vaccination
This is the only compulsory vaccination that authorities might request you to certify in certain countries (International Certificate of Vaccination against Yellow Fever, a.k.a. Yellow Book). Only certified providers such as our International Vaccination Center are allowed to give this vaccination. Inoculation is recommended for everyone older than 9 months before traveling to places with an epidemic risk or to countries that request an ICV. The validity of your certificate starts 10 days after receiving the vaccination. It is advised to get the dosage 6 weeks prior traveling, which grants immunity for 10 years.
Vaccination against Typhoid Fever
One vaccine grants 3 years of 95% immunity starting from two weeks after reception. Revaccination is only recommended if you plan another visit to an infected area. It can be received above the age of 2.
Vaccination against Meningitis
One dose grants 5 years of immunity starting from two weeks after reception. Revaccination after 5 years is only advised if you plant to visit an infected place. Vaccination can be received above the age of 2.
Vaccination should be received in three instances before traveling, according to a 0-7-21 day scheme. Newvaccination is needed when the suspicion of rabies emerges in connection with an injury. In case of long-term exposure to danger – for e.g. occupational reasons – revaccination is advised every 1 or 2 years.
Vaccination against Cholera
You should get vaccinated twice before the journey with a week in-between the dosages to attain 2 year long 85-90% immunity.
There is no vaccination against the disease, but there are several types of medications to prevent infection. Medicines vary according to their indications regarding sunbathing and alcohol consumption. There are types of drugs you should start taking one week before you travel, and there are other types you only need to start taking the day before your journey. The latter is a good solution for “last minute” travelers.
However, some types of malaria parasites are resistant to certain active ingredients of certain drugs, so medication might not grant immunity against these kinds of malaria. Pregnant women should not take any drugs against the disease, but protection of children can be attained.
In case you are planning to have a baby, keep in mind that malaria medication should clear from the body before conception. This might take several months with some drugs.
You should ask for a recommendation on the right medicine from our International Vaccination Center, as it is important to pick a drug that surely grants immunity against the malaria variant of your destination.
Medication must be continued for a while even after you return home. The amount of time needed depends on the active agent of the medicine.