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AMD Genetic Screening

AMD screening is a preventive ophthalmologic examination that diagnoses and helps to prevent macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss among elderly people.

AMD Genetic Screening - Age-Related Macular Degeneration

AMD screening is a preventive ophthalmologic examination that diagnoses and helps to prevent macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss among elderly people.

This disease is the number one reason of blindness among the population over the age of 65 in developed countries. Approximately 6000 new cases are registered in Hungary every year, but in our Hospital you can be tested for genetic risk factors.

This disease affects the macula, which is the part of the retina that allows you to see straight ahead and in fine detail. One of the symptoms is blurry vision – which makes it hard to read – and problems with seeing colors. Another unpleasant result might be the appearance of a central blind spot and distorted shapes in the vision.

Advanced AMD has two types: dry AMD (geographic atrophy) occurs in about 90% of the people with this condition, which means the calcification of the eye ground. Wet AMD is responsible for 10% of the cases: it is a result of abnormal vessel development. In our present day, there is no therapy for dry AMD. However, in case of wet AMD eyesight can be improved to a degree by the application of substances that prevent the growth of new vessels.

Internationally renowned studies have shown that the consumption of vitamins, trace elements and antioxidants at the early stages of AMD can slow down the course of degeneration, or might even prevent the development of a more severe condition.

Risk factors include smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, a stressful lifestyle and certain genetic variations. Combinations of these factors increase the chance of developing AMD.

Screening is performed by laboratory blood test. Depending on the results, a closer inspection of the eye might be recommended along with a change of lifestyle and if necessary, the intake of vitamins. All these together can reduce the risk of visual impairment.

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